Meanwhile, two miles to the north, Cheatham's troops had broken through the Union lines at the Georgia railroad. The second in a series of battles around the city, the fighting centered on a Confederate attempt to defeat Major General James B. McPherson's Army of the Tennessee east of Atlanta. It was never rebuilt. They approached Dalton in the late afternoon of August 14 and demanded the surrender of the garrison. The Battle of Atlanta cost Union forces 3,641 casualties while Confederate losses totaled around 5,500. , Having encountered entrenched Confederates astride Kennesaw Mountain stretching southward, Sherman fixed them in front and extended his right wing to envelop their flank and menace the railroad. This would be supported by a frontal assault on McPherson's army by Major General Benjamin Cheatham's corps. Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson, who was one of the highest-ranking Union officers killed in action during the Civil War, was mourned and honored by Sherman, who declared in his official report: His public enemies, even the men who directed the fatal shot, never spoke or wrote of him without expressions of marked respect; those whom he commanded loved him even to idolatry; and I, his associate and commander, fail in words adequate to express my opinion of his great worth. The Atlanta History Center houses the famous Atlanta Cyclorama and the Western & Atlantic Railroad locomotive Texas. Sherman had successfully cut Hood's supply lines in the past by sending out detachments of cavalry, but the Confederates quickly repaired the damage. Cleburne’s attack initially overran part of the Union line, capturing two guns and several hundred prisoners. I feel assured that every patriot in America, on hearing this sad news, will feel a sense of personal loss, and the country generally will realize that we have lost, not only an able military leader, but a man who, had he survived, was qualified to heal the national strife which has been raised by designing and ambitious men. Scroll to experience why and how. You also can hover over the red circles to see each city's population.  Confederate Maj. Gen. William H.T. The Battle of Atlanta was a battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia.Continuing their summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply center of Atlanta, Union forces commanded by William Tecumseh Sherman overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces defending the city under John Bell Hood. , This article is about the battle during the American Civil War. Atlanta Cyclorama & Civil War Museum. From the bombing of Fort Pulaski in 1862 to the capture of Confederate president Jefferson Davis in 1865, Georgia played a significant role in the Civil War (1861-65). Maps 4-5:A sketch of the Battle of Ezra Church, July 28, 1864. The next day, a Union corps broke through Hardee's line, and his troops retreated to Lovejoy's Station. As a result, the Confederate assault in this area lacked cohesion and was turned back by Dodge's men. , In late August, Sherman determined that if he could cut Hood's railroad supply lines, the Confederates would have to evacuate Atlanta. Johnston had originally expected to find a valley at Adairsville of suitable width to deploy his men and anchor his line with the flanks on hills, but the valley was too wide, so Johnston disengaged and withdrew. On May 26, both sides entrenched. , After Johnston retreated to Allatoona Pass from May 19 to 20, Sherman decided that attacking Johnston there would be too costly, so he determined to move around Johnston's left flank and steal a march toward Dallas. Demonstration against Resaca, with combats at Snake Creek Gap, Sugar Valley, and near Resaca. At first, they made some headway overrunning Confederate pickets south of the Burnt Hickory Road, but attacking an enemy that was dug in was futile. He rode off to see how Maj. Gen. Frank Blair’s XVII Corps was doing, which had been struck by Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne’s hard-hitting division. While the attack did achieve some success, including killing McPherson, it was ultimately repulsed by Union forces.  Within a week of the fall of Atlanta however, Sherman had issued all non-military personnel out of Atlanta. Hood foresaw such a maneuver and sent the two corps of Lt. Gen. Stephen D. Lee and Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart to intercept and destroy the Union force at Ezra Church. Opposing the Union forces was the Confederate Army of Tennessee which was badly outnumbered and undergoing a change in command.
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