Laestrygon was another man-eating giant said to have been a son of Poseidon. Poseidon enjoyed the pleasures of the flesh, seeking romance with goddesses, humans, nymphs and other creatures. This practice made a connection between the city, its rulers, and the gods. Their only son was Triton, the merman, who was most often shown as a member of his father’s retinue. These connections were often only recognized locally as a way to curry the favor of the god and legitimize power. Poseidon was said to have fathered three sons with Libya who became rules in North Africa, and the legendarily cruel King Busirus of Egypt was also his son. N.S. In one story, Poseidon attempted to seduce his sister, Demeter. Claiming ancestry from a god gave legitimacy to a ruling king, and having a god’s son found the city made the people believe that the god would have a special interest in them. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! Like Zeus, Poseidon was married. Bellerophon by Eurymede, daughter of Nisus. Cleito named her first born Atlas. This practice linked Greece with other major Mediterranean civilizations, particularly the ancient culture of Egypt. Belus and Actor. In yet another story, Poseidon pursued the goddess, Demeter. He fathered three minor sea deities with his wife, Amphtrite. To escape, she turned herself into a mare—but he transformed into a stallion and cornered her. Please like and share this article if you found it useful. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. In fact, many of the stories of Poseidon focus on rape. Abas by Arethusa, daughter of Nereus. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? In what ways did a Greco-Roman demi-god make his way into the Christian Bible? While the cities of the Greek world generally created the connection to the gods themselves, these foreign connections were imagined by Greek writers and applied to other cultures. Many of these offspring were completely inhuman. He was still a giant, however. Some of Poseidon's most notable children include: Pegasus itself, the famed winged horse, sprung from Medusa's neck when Perseus delivered the fatal blow. Boeotus, for example, gave his name to the region of Boeotia. The gods of ancient Greece were known for fathering many children. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? Most Greek gods had many children, so who are the stand-outs among Poseidon’s offspring. Later writers tried to justify the union between the god and the monster by having Medusa transferred into a monster but born a beautiful woman. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Poseidon, like many of the Greek gods, did not behave with perfect moral rectitude. It was common for the gods to be credited as fathers of important figures in Greek history, whether real or legendary. Like Zeus, Poseidon was married. Not even physical form mattered to him: He could, and often did, transform himself or his lovers into animals so as to hide in plain sight. Placed somewhere between the Nereids and the Oceanids, Amphitrite—the daughter of Nereus and Doris—never obtained the fame she might have earned as Poseidon's consort. More famously, he was the father of Theseus. Vaguely personified as the sea or seawater, she became the mother of Triton (a merman) and possibly of a daughter, Rhodos. As much as the connection to a god legitimized Greek cities, the god’s connection to a foreign dynasty legitimized Greek religion. He was the father of the Laestrygonians, an entire tribe of cannibalistic giants who inhabited Sicily. Poseidon was, like most Greek gods, the father of many children. My work has also been published on Buzzfeed and most recently in Time magazine. Boeotus and Hellen by Antiope, daughter of Aeolus. Most of Poseidon’s supposed children, however, were not well-known throughout Greece. Most numerous, however, were the kings who were said to have been sons of Poseidon. Many kingdoms, cities, and islands claimed descent from the god of the sea. They also had two daughters, Benthesikyme and Rhodos, for whom the island of Rhodes was named. While Zeus was the father of many daimones, or minor gods and goddesses, Poseidon was more well-known as the father of many children who were neither divine nor human. He also was the father of two children by the Gorgon Medusa. Phaeax was the first king of the people who would come to be known as the Phoenicians after him. My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) Agenor and Belus by Libya, daughter of Epaphus. All these places traced their first rulers to the god of the sea, and could thus expect special favor from him. Some legends suggest that Poseidon fathered Pegasus (Medusa's child), which would have made the horse half-brothers with his captor, Bellerophon. According to Greek mythology, Poseidon fathered Atlas, Triton, Rhode, Benthesicyme, Pegasus, Chrysaor, Areion, Polyphemus, Otos, Ephialtes, Neleus, Pelias, Nausithoos, Nauplios, Euadne, Orion, and according to some accounts, Theseus. They also had two daughters, Benthesikyme and Rhodos, for whom the island of Rhodes was named.
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